Birth Pangs And The Rapture

Birth Pangs And The Rapture

Sunday, May 11th, 2014 ChurchGreat

TribulationIsraelSecond Coming
Q. You have said that Matthew 24 is a Tribulation chapter, I agree that some of it will take place during that period. As a Pre Tribulation believer, how can we not see it as a two fold chapter of Rapture and Tribulation? The birth pangs then are only for the Tribulation period … signs of His Second Coming. Where do these birth pangs then fit in a Pre Tribulation Rapture? Many people are taking the “signs” (birth pangs) now as a preview of the Rapture of the Church. How can this be if they are signs of just His Second Coming?

A. Keep in mind that the context of Matt. 24-25 shows Jesus, a Jewish prophet, standing in Israel, answering questions from Jewish men about the end of the Jewish age. In Matt. 24:3 “When will these things happen?” is a question about the Temple’s destruction. “What will be the sign of your coming?” refers the the 2nd Coming, “and of the End of the Age” is about the final seven years remaining from the 490 year age the Angel Gabriel spoke of with Daniel, now known as Daniels 70th week. (Daniel 9:24-27)

In Matt. 24:4-8 Jesus describes events that would be common to the period between his resurrection and the beginning of the 70th week, what we call the Church Age, and in that sense are applicable to the Church. Wars, rumors of war, famines and earthquakes are given as examples. Luke added pestilence in his account. These things have been happening periodically through out the Church Age.

Christian commentators have taken the phrase birth pangs to mean that like a woman’s labor they would begin as mild and infrequent indicators of the impending event, but as the time draws close they will become progressively more frequent and more intense. So as wars, famines and earthquakes have become more frequent and more intense they say this means that the end is drawing nearer. And since the Rapture precedes the end that means it’s getting closer too.

But from Matt. 24:9 onward the focus is on Israel and the 70th week, with Matt. 24:15 giving the first clear sign, the arrival of the anti-Christ in the Temple marking the beginning of the Great Tribulation. From Matt. 24:15 to Matt. 24:29 the Great Tribulation is in view.  Then beginning in Matt. 24:30 and continuing through Matt. 25:46 the focus is on the Second Coming and the judgments that will take place just afterward.

Rabbi Jonathan Cahn issued a dire warning to America

mobile.wnd.com/2014/05/harbinger-rabbi-warns-americaof-impending-judgment/

WASHINGTON – At the National Day of Prayer event held on Capitol Hill Thursday, Rabbi Jonathan Cahn issued a dire warning to America: The nation “stands in danger of impending judgment, and we all know it.”

“Too much of the church has lost its saltiness to do anything about it,” he declared. “And now the same biblical signs of national judgment that appeared in the last days of ancient Israel are reappearing on American soil.”

At the beginning of his commanding speech, Cahn, author of runaway bestseller, “The Harbinger,”and its movie companion “The Isaiah 9:10 Judgment” from WND films, warned that his address would not be politically correct. He urged the nation to “come before the Lord and seek His face, and His purposes, and His will for this land and to pray for America.”

Get “The Harbinger” and movie companion, “The Isaiah 9:10 Judgment.”

While Cahn said America has been blessed as no other nation has been blessed, he added, “To whom much is given, much is required.”

“America, as did Israel in its blessing, has been turning away from God, driving Him out of its public squares, bringing in idols in His place and calling what is evil good and what is good evil,” he declared. “And as Israel sacrificed thousands of its children on the altars of Moloch and Baal, so America has also lifted up millions of its children on the altar of pleasure and self-indulgence, and their blood is on our hands.”

Watch Rabbi Cahn’s address:

Warning of impending judgment, the rabbi told the story of how, 3,000 years ago, King Solomon stood in another sacred assembly in his nation’s capital.

“There he dedicated a temple and the nation’s future to God,” Cahn said. “There he interceded and prayed that if his nation would ever turn away from God and calamity came upon it, if the people turned back to God in repentance that God would have mercy on them.”

God told Solomon, “If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land.”

Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in New York City
As Cahn explained, 400 years later, the calamity of judgment fell upon the land – and the Temple Mount, where Solomon prayed, was destroyed.

“God was saying, ‘Return, Israel,’” he explained, adding that America came into existence 225 years ago this week.

On that day in America’s capital, George Washington placed his hand on the Bible and gave the new nation a prophetic warning: “[T]he propitious smiles of Heaven can never be expected on a nation that disregards the eternal rules of order and right which Heaven itself has ordained.”

Cahn said, “The warning was this: America was blessed because of God alone. If America ever turned away from God, then the blessings of heaven would be removed from the land.”

Today, that warning is coming true, he said.

“After giving that word, Washington and the entire first government of this nation proceeded on foot to the place specially appointed to dedicate America’s future to God,” Cahn explained. “It was America’s consecration ground. Where was it? It was in the nation’s capital.”

However, he added, the nation’s capital was not in Washington, D.C.

Washington bowed his head to pray that day in New York City.

“Where exactly was it?” he asked. “The place at which they dedicated America to God on its first day as a nation – America’s consecration ground – is Ground Zero.”

A cross formed from the Sept. 11 wreckage at Ground Zero in New York City
Cahn revealed the message of that sacred ground.

“God is crying out to this nation, ‘Return! Return! Return!’” he implored. “The forefathers gathered in the capital city that day to consecrate America to God, so we have gathered this day in the capital city to do likewise, to rededicate this nation into the hands of God and to re-consecrate our hearts and lives to the will of God.”

The hope of America does not lie in the White House, he said. You won’t find it under the Capitol dome, on Wall Street or any place else.

“America’s hope lies in the name of Yeshua Hamashia, Jesus the Messiah, the Light of the World,” he said. “It was for Him this nation came into existence. It is in Him alone that hope lies. And we come together this day in this city named after the one who gave that warning and who bowed his head and prayed that this nation be dedicated to God with a holy and crucial purpose. It is time to humble ourselves. It is time to pray. It’s time to seek the face of God. It’s time to turn from our evil ways that He might hear our prayers, forgive our sins and heal our land.”

Cahn prayed that – whatever it takes – there will be a widespread repentance, awakening and revival in America.

“Let the will of God be done,” he prayed. “Let the name of God be lifted up. Let the City on a Hill, America, shine again. Let God’s grace shine upon here, and let the glory of the Lord be revealed in the name of Yeshua Hamashia, Jesus the Messiah, the Light of the World and the Lion of the tribe of Judah. Amen and amen.”

Cahn brought the National Day of Prayer gathering to its feet, clapping and cheering.

The rabbi further detailed his belief that America is at a critical crossroads in an interview with WND immediately after the event concluded:

As WND reported, Dr. James Dobson, founder of Focus on the Family, made big news when he blasted Barack Obama as “the abortion president,” and there were plenty of other broadsides launched against modern-American society.

Anne Graham Lotz
Other speakers were also sharply critical of the state of the nation, and almost all stuck to one theme: America is on the wrong track wrong and heading for disaster if it does not change course, repent and return to the ways of God.

Anne Graham Lotz, daughter of Rev. Billy Graham, was the keynote speaker for what turned out to be the largest National Day of Prayer in history, broadcast and live-streamed around the world. She, too, warned that America has strayed so far from the ways of God that time is running out and judgment is coming soon.

Lotz said God is urgently warning America to repent right now through a series of calamities, including:

Natural disasters, including a series of record-breaking storms
Social disasters, such as rampant abortions and pornography
Mass shootings
Financial disasters and nearly $18 trillion in national debt
Unchecked growth of government
Pervasive secularism
Spiritual malaise
Lotz said, while God is sending severe and scary warnings, the solution is still within our reach. If America would turn back to prayer, then, she said, God will forgive the nation’s wicked ways and heal our land.

“It is time to wake up and cry out to God,” she declared.

However, Lotz also called this a time of great hope, “unparalleled in human history,” primarily for two reasons. One, the rebirth of Israel after 2,000 years seemed nothing short of a miracle. And, two, for the first time in history, the gospel is being preached to the entire world, thanks to modern mass communications, including the Internet.

Although the official theme of the 63rd annual National Day of Prayer was the optimistic “One Voice, United in Prayer,” most speakers echoed the warning that America is heading for disaster.

Pastor Jeff Noel
“We recognize the only thing that can turn the tide of this nation” is God, said Jeff Noel, national coordinator at the National Prayer Committee and pastor at Grace Heartland Church in Louisville, Kentucky.

He asked the gathering and people around the world to pray for the soul of America. Noel said our message for God should be a simple one: “We repent.”

He implored America to repent for “putting our faith in our economy, our government, our own ideas,” which “always come up short.”

Noel also urged America to repent for:

“Sacrificing our children on the altar of convenience, selfishness and pleasure”
“Allowing marriage to be redefined on our watch”
And “allowing our culture to advance the agenda of the enemy”
Also speaking at the bipartisan event was U.S. Tax Court Judge Maurice Foley, appointed by President Bill Clinton.

Foley emphasized that, while he has great respect for the legal system, his sense of justice comes from God.

“If I trust in the Lord, He will direct my thoughts, and He does.”

Foley insisted it is the “awe of His majesty and powers that enables a judge to be fair, just and patient” and quoted King Solomon in saying “Fear of God is the beginning of wisdom.”

The judge’s advice? “Be humble, or God will humble you.”

Democratic lawmaker Mike McIntyre, D-N.C., said the good news is the House of Representatives and the Senate both have prayer breakfasts every week and hold Bible study.

He also noted that, every week, lawmakers in the National Prayer Caucus ask God for guidance in their making their votes.

And, when people complain to him about the state of affairs in Washington, D.C., he asks them to pray for lawmakers, their staff and families.

U.S. Air Force Maj. Gen Joseph S. Ward
Former Rep. Bob McEwen, R-Ohio, related how, when delegates to the Second Continental Congress got hopelessly bogged-down while trying to formulate the Constitution, they followed the advice of Benjamin Franklin and fasted and prayed upon it for three days.

When they returned, they began with a prayer and finished their work. Ever since, McEwen noted, every session of Congress has begun with a prayer.

U.S. Air Force Maj. Gen Joseph S. Ward shocked the crowd by informing them that 22 services members a day now commit suicide, and stressed one thing that could help – allowing men and women in uniform the ability to express their faith freely.

The 63rd annual National Day of Prayer was hosted by Rep. Robert Aderholt, R-Ala.

Get “The Harbinger” and movie companion “The Isaiah 9:10 Judgment,” or one or more of Cahn’s biblical teaching series productions: “The Masada Mystery,” “The Sanhedrin Secret,” “Hanukkah Endtime Mystery” and “The Secret of the Eighth Day.”

Find out how YOU could tour Israel with Rabbi Cahn and WND CEO Joseph Farah!

Follow Garth Kant on Twitter @DCgarth

Converging Signs of an Imminent Rapture By Carl Worline

—– Original Message —–
From: Carl Worline

Sent: Sunday, 3/30/2014 7:41 PM
Subject: Converging Signs of an Imminent Rapture

The road that we are traveling upon in life has so many signposts that the Age of Grace is about to end and that the rapture is about to occur that it is becoming increasingly difficult to see the road, itself.  I am clearly hearing in the spirit that something big is about happen and that it is going to happen very, very soon.  Exactly what is going to happen is still a mystery. 
Perhaps the most convincing indicator that something big is about to happen is the way that all of these signs are converging.  Just like the popular phrase “a perfect storm” suggests, a very wide range of seemingly unrelated factors are simultaneously coming together in a way where each factor amplifies the others to intensify the final result. If all of these factors were listed and examined they would produce a very thick book. 
Since it is not practical to look at all of the signposts pointing to the end of the age, I would like to point out a few of the most recent ones I have noted and have had the most profound impact upon my sense of what is coming.
God told us in Joel 2:30 that in the final days He “would show us wonders in the heavens and the earth that would include blood, and fire, and billows of smoke.”  When I think of fire and billows of smoke, the first thing that comes to mind are volcanoes.  All around the world it seems that dormant volcanoes are coming back to life.  Based on Smithsonian/USGS criteria we have seen the following occur since the middle of January:
·        During the period from March 19 to March 25 there was new activity reported at 3 volcanoes and ongoing activity at 15 volcanoes.
·        During the period from March 12 to March 18 there was new activity reported at 1 volcano and ongoing activity at 12 volcanoes.
·        During the period from March 5 to March 11 there was new activity reported at 4 volcanoes and ongoing activity at 11 volcanoes.
·        During the period from February 26 to March 4 there was new activity reported at 6 volcanoes and ongoing activity at 10 volcanoes.
·        During the period from February 19 to February 25 there was new activity reported at 5 volcanoes and ongoing activity at 12 volcanoes.
·        During the period from February 12 to February 18 there was new activity reported at 5 volcanoes and ongoing activity at 13 volcanoes.
·        During the period from February 5 to February 11 there was new activity reported at 8 volcanoes and ongoing activity at 11 volcanoes.
·        During the period from January 29 to February 4 there was new activity reported at 6 volcanoes and ongoing activity at 9 volcanoes.
·        During the period from January 22 to January 28 there was new activity reported at 2 volcanoes and ongoing activity at 14 volcanoes.
·        During the period from January 15 to January 21 there was new activity reported at 2 volcanoes and ongoing activity at 14 volcanoes.
 
Joel spoke of wonders in the heavens and the earth that include blood.  We are just about to witness the first of a very rare series of 4 blood moons, called a tetrad.  The fact that these blood moons all occur on the Jewish feast days of Passover and Sukkot scream at us that they are somehow prophetically significant.  This is only the fourth time this has happened since the crucifixion, and each time it has marked major changes for Israel.  The Jewish Talmud (book of tradition / Interpretation) says: “When the moon is in eclipse, it is a bad omen for Israel.  If its face is as red as blood, (it is a sign that) the sword is coming to the world.” 
The moon is not the only thing that is turning blood red.  Back here on the earth water in various places has also taken on the appearance of blood.  Examples include:
·        July 27, 2011 a lake in Texas
·        Feb 16, 2012 Beirut River in Lebanon
·        June 29, 2012 rain falling in India
·        July 30, 2012 the sea of Azov between Russia and Ukraine
·        August 9, 2012 France
·        September 7, 2012 Yangtze River in China
·        November 14/15, 2012 rain falling in Sri Lanka
 
Comets have always been considered harbingers of disasters for the gentile world.  At the present time there are 7 major comets within our inner solar system.  These 7 comets are:
·        Panstarrs
·        67P
·        Encke
·        Lovejoy 2013
·        Siding Spring
·        Linear 209P
·        Lovejoy2011
 
Nothing gets your complete and undivided attention faster than a shot across your bow.  Fierce solar blasts that could have badly damaged electrical grids and disabled satellites in space narrowly missed Earth in 2012.  The bursts would have wreaked havoc on the Earth’s magnetic field, matching the severity of the 1859 Carrington event, the largest solar magnetic storm ever reported on the planet. That blast knocked out the telegraph system across the United States.  Since then we have witnessed so many fireballs streaking across the sky that we feel like we are standing right in the middle of a  shooting gallery.
The most accurate word to describe worldwide weather is “freakish.”  Record setting low temperatures and record setting high temperatures are now the new normal.  Crops in India have been so badly decimated in hailstorms that over 30 farmers in despair committed suicide.  Over 90% of the area of the great lakes is frozen over.  California has been hit with fire, drought, rains, and mud slides.  This winter has already been the wettest in almost 250 years in England and Wales according to Britain’s national weather service.  Varying degrees of drought are hitting almost two-thirds of the limited arable land across Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, the Palestinian territories, and Iraq.
The Bible says that the Antichrist will divide the world into Ten Kingdoms.  This already done for him.  He just needs to assume his position.  The European Union has recently divided the world into 10 regions:
·        North America
·        Western Europe
·        Japan
·        Developed Markets
·        Eastern Europe
·        Latin America
·        North Africa and Middle East
·        Main Africa
·        South Asia
·        Central Asia
 
The Bible tells us that in the last days there will be a one world economy.  Our current world economy has been bankrupt for a long time now and is little more than a house of cards, where one bankrupt currency helps to hold up the bankrupt currencies of other nations around it.  Common sense tells us that there must be people in key positions in the financial world who realize how bad the situation truly is.  Coincidentally, since the first of the year, key financial leaders around the world have been found dead from apparent suicides and other suspicious causes.  These deaths include:
·        William Broeksmit (age 58) – former Deutsche Bank AG senior risk manager who apparently hung himself in his London home in South Kensington on 1/26/14.
·        Karl Slym (age 51) – Tata Motors managing executive director who was discovered dead on the fourth floor of the Shangri-La hotel in Bangkok on 1/27/14.
·        Gabriel Magee (age 39) – JP Morgan  senior executive who died from an apparent suicide after jumping from the roof of the JP Morgan European headquarters in London’s Canary Wharf on 1/27/14.
·        Mike Dueker (age 50) – the chief economist for Russel Investments and former Federal Reserve bank economist who was found dead on the side of the road that leads to the Tacoma Narrows Bridge in Washington state on 1/31/14.
·        Richard Talley (age 57) – the founder of American Title Services in Centennial, Colorado, who was ruled an apparent suicide after he allegedly shot himself 8 times in the head with a nail gun on 2/4/14.
·        Tim Dickenson – UK based Communications director at the Swiss Re AG who was found dead from undetermined causes on 1/20/14.
·        Ryan Henry Crane (age 37) – JP Morgan executive director who worked in New York was found dead from an apparent suicide in his Stamford, Connecticut, home on 2/3/14.
·        Dennis Li Junjie (age 33)– Jumped from the roof of Chater House, which serves as the Asian headquarters of JP Morgan in Hong Kong, after having lunch on 2/19/14.  He had told friends of his plans to return to Canada just days before his death.
·        James Stewart, Jr. The former CEO of the National Bank of Commerce who was found dead on the morning of 2/19/14 in Scottsdale, Arizona, with no details of his death given.
·        Peter Njuguna Mukuria (age 42), the deputy retail director at Family Bank’s headquarters, who was reportedly shot twice in the head and neck as he waited to collect a female friend from the Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology.
·        Autumn Radtke (age 28), the CEO of First Meta, a Singapore based digital currency exchange firm who was found dead on 2/28/14 outside her Singapore apartment. Her death has been ruled “unnatural” by police.
·        Edmund (Eddie) Reilly (age 47) – A Manhattan trader who worked for the firm Vertical Group, who jumped in front of a Long Island Rail Road commuter train on 3/11/14 and was killed.
·        Jeffrey Corzine (age 31), the son of former head of Goldman Sachs and MF Global, as well as the former governor of New Jersey and a long time financier of Barack Obama, who was found dead in Mexico City of an apparent suicide.
·        Kenneth Bellando (age 28), an investment banker who worked at Levy Capital since January, who was found dead on the sidewalk outside his Manhattan East Side building on March 12 after allegedly jumping from the sixth-story roof.  Bellando, a former investment bank analyst at JPMorgan, is the son of John Bellando, chief operating officer and chief financial officer at Condé Nast. His brother, John, a top chief investment officer with JPMorgan, works on risk exposure valuations.
·        Joseph Giampapa (age 56).  J.P. Morgan’s top commercial bankruptcy lawyer who was struck and killed by a minivan in a hit-and-run incident on 3/22/14 in Dublin, Miami while riding his bicycle.  “Joe was an extremely accomplished cyclist a responsible cyclist and that’s what makes this tragedy so mind numbing,” said Jeff Stephens, a friend of Giampapa. “That road that Joe was on was flat. No trees. It was just wide open visibility.”
·        Of interest also is the January 11, 2014, disappearance of Wall Street Journal reporter, David Bird who vanished while taking a walk. Mr. Bird was the oil markets reporter for the WSJ, according to a Wall Street on Parade article dated February 3, 2014.
 
Key worldwide financial leaders are not the only people committing these days.  According to the organization Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans of America, an average of 22 veterans commit suicide each and every day.
I would seem that everything in the world is becoming upside down and backwards.  Vladimir Putin is vowing to defend Christianity around the world while Barak Obama does absolutely nothing as 165,000 Christians around the world die each year in unimaginably horrible atrocities.  Homosexuality has become the preferred status while heterosexuality has become the mental disease or defect now called homophobia. Isaiah 5:20 prophetically warned us that in the last day’s, right would be considered wrong while wrong would be considered right.
We are told in 2 Thessalonians 2:12 that many will rejoice in their unrighteousness.  Today homosexuals are so proud of their sin that they march in the streets demanding to be recognized as a special, privileged class.  God has declared that homosexuality in all of its form is utterly detestable to Him.  In open defiance, recent world events race to embrace the homosexual agenda.  Examples include:
·        England, Whales, and Scotland have just legalized gay marriage.
·        The Church of England has just announced that it will provide no more resistance to gay marriage among churchgoers, according to the Archbishop of Canterbury
·        Michigan is the latest state to legalize gay marriage in the U.S.
·        Walt Disney World has announced it will stop charitable contributions as part of its “Ears For You” grant program, to the Boy Scouts of America because the organization refuses to end its ban on openly gay adults.
 
Evil is becoming stronger and bolder in the world.  Reminiscent of the days of Moloch, where children were burned as a sacrifice to the idol, we learn that the bodies of 15,500 aborted and miscarried babies were incinerated as clinical waste, with some even used to heat hospitals in waste-to energy conversion plants, in England during the past 2 years.
During the month of February, 2014, an estimated 21,000 birds were killed by storms along the coast of France.  This is truly sad, but it is only one incident of the mass deaths of animals in the world.  Hosea 4:1-3 tells us that in the last days God will have a controversy with humanity over the sin in the world and that the land will mourn.  He also said: “Therefore shall the land mourn, and every one that dwelleth therein shall languish, with the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of heaven; yea, the fishes of the sea also shall be taken away.”  This is exactly what is happening today, and the rate that it is happening is rapidly accelerating. 
·        During the last months of 2010 there were at least 2 mass animal die-offs.
·        During 2011 the number of recorded mass animal die-offs jumped to 133.
·        During 2012 the number of incidents accelerated from 133 to 465 known mass animal die-offs that occurred in 67 countries around the world. 
·        The warning God is shouting to mankind became deafening during 2013 when the mass deaths of animals increased to 798 separate events occurring in 93 countries. 
·        As of March 30, 2014, there have been 181 mass animal die-offs in 43 countries and we are well on our way toward eclipsing last year’s totals.
 
The nuclear meltdown of 3 reactors in Fukushima, Japan, has created an ecological disaster that is far beyond the capability of humanity to clean up.  Our most recent data suggests that the radioactive cores of these reactors have melted through their containment vessels and have entered the ground water.  We do not know their exact location and we have no way to get to them. Even if we did have access, there is nothing humanly possible that we can do.  TEPCO scientists tell us that at least 300 tons of highly contaminated water is pouring into the Pacific Ocean each day.  Radiation from Fukushima has been detected all along the coast of North America.  The half-life of many of these contaminants is measured in thousands (an even ten’s of thousands) of years.  We have already noticed an incredibly significant impact on marine life throughout the Pacific basin, and the situation is only going to get worse.
All of these seemingly unrelated signs are converging, and yet this is just the tip of the proverbial iceberg.  Dozens of other signs, too numerous to list here, are also converging toward a point in our immediate future.  Unfortunately, we are unable to focus on the point at which these events will intersect.
 I suspect our inability to precisely focus on the point of intersection and declare even a general date, or a given period of time, is by divine design.  However, all of these observations suggest that the time is very near and it is urgent that we are spiritually prepared for what is ahead.  The status quo cannot be maintained much longer. 
The Bible warns us that what is going to happen next will happen without warning. People will be eating and drinking, buying and selling, planting and building right up until the moment it happens.  The Bible also warns us that when the moment finally does arrive it will be too late.  Judgment will be set.  Once judgment is set God will not change it.  God will not withhold His judgment if there is no repentance.  Each of us must go to God in prayer and get right with him before it is too late.  All of the signs are converging.  Time is running out.
 
Carl Worline
The Anakypto Forum       Listener Letters

 

A Jewish Boycott, what?

“Can’t we all Just get along”    Rodney King

A Jewish Boycott, what?

A short time ago, Iran’s Supreme Leader Grand Ayatollah Ali Khamenei
urged the Muslim World to boycott anything and everything that originates
with the Jewish people.

In response, Meyer M. Treinkman, a pharmacist, out of the kindness
of his heart, offered to assist them in their boycott as follows: Obama didn’t agree.

“Any Muslim who has Syphilis must not be cured by Salvarsan discovered by a Jew,
Dr. Ehrlich.  He should not even try to find out whether he has Syphilis, because the Wasserman Test is the discovery of a Jew.  If a Muslim suspects that he has Gonorrhea, he must not seek diagnosis, because he will be using the method of a Jew named Neissner.

“A Muslim who has heart disease must not use Digitalis,
a discovery by a Jew, Ludwig Traube.

Should he suffer with a toothache, he must not use Novocaine,
a discovery of the Jews, Widal and Weil.

If a Muslim has Diabetes, he must not use Insulin, the result of research
by Minkowsky, a Jew.  If one has a headache, he must shun Pyramidon and
Antypyrin, due to the Jews, Spiro and Ellege.

Muslims with convulsions must put up with them because it was a Jew,
Oscar Leibreich, who proposed the use of Chloral Hydrate.

Arabs must do likewise with their psychic ailments because Freud,
father of psychoanalysis, was a Jew.

Should a Muslim child get Diphtheria, he must refrain from the
“Schick” reaction which was invented by the Jew, Bella Schick.

“Muslims should be ready to die in great numbers and must not permit treatment
of ear and brain damage, work of Jewish Nobel Prize winner, Robert Baram.

They should continue to die or remain crippled by Infantile Paralysis
because the discoverer of the anti-polio vaccine is a Jew, Jonas Salk.

“Muslims must refuse to use Streptomycin and continue to die of Tuberculosis because
a Jew, Zalman Waxman, invented the wonder drug against this killing disease.

Muslim doctors must discard all discoveries and improvements by dermatologist
Judas Sehn Benedict, or the lung specialist, Frawnkel, and of many other world renowned Jewish scientists and medical experts.

“In short, good and loyal Muslims properly and fittingly should remain afflicted with Syphilis, Gonorrhea, Heart Disease, Headaches, Typhus, Diabetes, Mental Disorders, Polio Convulsions and Tuberculosis and be proud to obey the Islamic boycott.”

Oh, and by the way, don’t call for a doctor on your cell phone
because the cell phone was invented in Israel by a Jewish engineer.

Meanwhile I ask, what medical contributions to the world have the Muslims made?”

The Global Islamic population is approximately 1,200,000,000;
that is ONE BILLION TWO HUNDRED MILLION or 20% of the world’s population.

They have received the following Nobel Prizes:

Literature:
1988 – Najib Mahfooz

Peace:
1978 – Mohamed Anwar El-Sadat
1990 – Elias James Corey
1994 – Yaser Arafat:
1999 – Ahmed Zewai

Economics:
(zero)

Physics:
(zero)

Medicine:
1960 – Peter Brian Medawar
1998 – Ferid Mourad

TOTAL: 7 SEVEN

The Global Jewish population is approximately 14,000,000; that is
FOURTEEN MILLION or about 0.02% of the world’s population.

They have received the following Nobel Prizes:

Literature:
1910 – Paul Heyse
1927 – Henri Bergson
1958 – Boris Pasternak
1966 – Shmuel Yosef Agnon
1966 – Nelly Sachs
1976 – Saul Bellow
1978 – Isaac Bashevis Singer
1981 – Elias Canetti
1987 – Joseph Brodsky
1991 – Nadine Gordimer World

Peace:
1911 – Alfred Fried
1911 – Tobias Michael Carel Asser
1968 – Rene Cassin
1973 – Henry Kissinger
1978 – Menachem Begin
1986 – Elie Wiesel
1994 – Shimon Peres
1994 – Yitzhak Rabin

Physics:
1905 – Adolph Von Baeyer
1906 – Henri Moissan
1907 – Albert Abraham Michelson
1908 – Gabriel Lippmann
1910 – Otto Wallach
1915 – Richard Willstaetter
1918 – Fritz Haber
1921 – Albert Einstein
1922 – Niels Bohr
1925 – James Franck
1925 – Gustav Hertz
1943 – Gustav Stern
1943 – George Charles de Hevesy
1944 – Isidor Issac Rabi
1952 – Felix Bloch
1954 – Max Born
1958 – Igor Tamm
1959 – Emilio Segre
1960 – Donald A. Glaser
1961 – Robert Hofstadter
1961 – Melvin Calvin
1962 – Lev Davidovich Landau
1962 – Max Ferdinand Perutz
1965 – Richard Phillips Feynman
1965 – Julian Schwinger
1969 – Murray Gell-Mann
1971 – Dennis Gabor
1972 – William Howard Stein
1973 – Brian David Josephson
1975 – Benjamin Mottleson
1976 – Burton Richter
1977 – Ilya Prigogine
1978 – Arno Allan Penzias
1978 – Peter L Kapitza
1979 – Stephen Weinberg
1979 – Sheldon Glashow
1979 – Herbert Charles Brown
1980 – Paul Berg
1980 – Walter Gilbert
1981 – Roald Hoffmann
1982 – Aaron Klug
1985 – Albert A. Hauptman
1985 – Jerome Karle
1986 – Dudley R. Herschbach
1988 – Robert Huber
1988 – Leon Lederman
1988 – Melvin Schwartz
1988 – Jack Steinberger
1989 – Sidney Altman
1990 – Jerome Friedman
1992 – Rudolph Marcus
1995 – Martin Perl
2000 – Alan J. Heeger

Economics:
1970 – Paul Anthony Samuelson
1971 – Simon Kuznets
1972 – Kenneth Joseph Arrow
1975 – Leonid Kantorovich
1976 – Milton Friedman
1978 – Herbert A. Simon
1980 – Lawrence Robert Klein
1985 – Franco Modigliani
1987 – Robert M. Solow
1990 – Harry Markowitz
1990 – Merton Miller
1992 – Gary Becker
1993 – Robert Fogel

Medicine:
1908 – Elie Metchnikoff
1908 – Paul Erlich
1914 – Robert Barany
1922 – Otto Meyerhof
1930 – Karl Landsteiner
1931 – Otto Warburg
1936 – Otto Loewi
1944 – Joseph Erlanger
1944 – Herbert Spencer Gasser
1945 – Ernst Boris Chain
1946 – Hermann Joseph Muller
1950 – Tadeus Reichstein
1952 – Selman Abraham Waksman
1953 – Hans Krebs
1953 – Fritz Albert Lipmann
1958 – Joshua Lederberg
1959 – Arthur Kornberg
1964 – Konrad Bloch
1965 – Francois Jacob
1965 – Andre Lwoff
1967 – George Wald
1968 – Marshall W. Nirenberg
1969 – Salvador Luria
1970 – Julius Axelrod
1970 – Sir Bernard Katz
1972 – Gerald Maurice Edelman
1975 – Howard Martin Temin
1976 – Baruch S. Blumberg
1977 – Roselyn Sussman Yalow
1978 – Daniel Nathans
1980 – Baruj Benacerraf
1984 – Cesar Milstein
1985 – Michael Stuart Brown
1985 – Joseph L. Goldstein
1986 – Stanley Cohen [& Rita Levi-Montalcini]
1988 – Gertrude Elion
1989 – Harold Varmus
1991 – Erwin Neher
1991 – Bert Sakmann
1993 – Richard J. Roberts
1993 – Phillip Sharp
1994 – Alfred Gilman
1995 – Edward B. Lewis
1996- Lu RoseIacovino

TOTAL: 129

The Jews are NOT promoting brainwashing children in military training camps,
teaching them how to blow themselves up and cause maximum deaths of Jews
and other non-Muslims.

The Jews don’t hijack planes, nor kill athletes at the
Olympics, or blow themselves up in German restaurants.

There is NOT one single Jew who has destroyed a church.

There is NOT a single Jew who protests by killing people.  The Jews don’t
traffic slaves, nor have leaders calling for Jihad and death to all the Infidels.

Perhaps the world’s Muslims should consider investing more in
standard education and less in blaming the Jews for all their problems.

Muslims must ask ‘what can they do for humankind’
before they demand that humankind respects them.

Regardless of your feelings about the crisis between Israel and the Palestinians
and Arab neighbors, even if you believe there is more culpability on Israel ‘s part,
the following two sentences really say it all:

“If the Arabs put down their weapons today, there would be no more violence. 
If the Jews put down their weapons today, there would be no more Israel.”

Benjamin Netanyahu:  General Eisenhower warned us.  It is a matter of history that when the Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces, General Dwight Eisenhower, found the victims of the death camps he ordered all possible photographs to be taken, and for the German people from surrounding villages to be ushered through the camps and even made to bury the dead.

He did this because he said in words to this effect:  ‘Get it all on record now – get the films – get the witnesses – because somewhere down the road of history some bastard will get up and say that this never happened’

Recently, the UK debated whether to remove The Holocaust from its school curriculum because it ‘offends’ the Muslim population which claims it never occurred.

It is not removed as yet.  However, this is a frightening portent of the fear
that is gripping the world and how easily each country is giving into it.

It is now more than 65 years after the Second World War in Europe ended.

Now, more than ever, with Iran, among others, claiming the Holocaust
to be ‘a myth,’ it is imperative to make sure the world never forgets.

This e-mail is intended to reach 400 million people. 
Be a link in the memorial chain and help distribute this around the world.

How many years will it be before the attack on the World Trade Center
‘NEVER HAPPENED’ because it offends some Muslim in the United States?
 


 
 
 
 
 

Biblical Cremation?

By John MacArthur

Scripture says nothing about a required mode of burial for either believers or non-believers.  However, burying the body was the standard practice among the Israelites in the Old Testament and Christians in the New. 

There were some exceptions: the people decided to cremate Saul and Jonathan and then bury their ashes because their bodies had been mutilated by the Philistines (1 Sam. 31:8-13). In another instance, Achan and his family were cremated after being executed for sinning against Israel (Josh. 7:25).

Obviously any buried body will eventually decompose (Eccles. 12:7). So cremation isn’t a strange or wrong practice-it merely accelerates the natural process of oxidation.  The believer will one day receive a new body (1 Cor. 15:42-49; 1 Thess. 4:13-18; Job 19:25-26), thus the state of what remains of the old body is unimportant.

The imagery of Christ’s resurrection pictures burial and then a raising up from the dead (Rom. 6:3-5; 1 Cor. 15:3-4). Because of that, many Christians prefer burial to cremation to maintain a likeness to Christ’s burial (although literally He was laid in state in a cave, not buried in the ground).

What we need to focus on as Christians is not how to dispose of our earthly bodies, but that one day new bodies will be fashioned for us like our Lord’s glorious resurrection body (see Phil. 3:21; cf. Luke 24:30-40; John 20:19, 26; 21:1-14; and Acts 1:1-9 to get an idea of what to look forward to). That transformation will be eternal!

Age of the earth

101 evidences for a young age of the earth and the universe
By Don Batten

Can science prove the age of the earth?

No scientific method can prove the age of the earth and the universe, and that includes the ones we have listed here. Although age indicators are called “clocks” they aren’t, because all ages result from calculations that necessarily involve making assumptions about the past. Always the starting time of the “clock” has to be assumed as well as the way in which the speed of the clock has varied over time. Further, it has to be assumed that the clock was never disturbed.

There is no independent natural clock against which those assumptions can be tested. For example, the amount of cratering on the moon, based on currently observed cratering rates, would suggest that the moon is quite old. However, to draw this conclusion we have to assume that the rate of cratering has been the same in the past as it is now. And there are now good reasons for thinking that it might have been quite intense in the past, in which case the craters do not indicate an old age at all (see below).

Ages of millions of years are all calculated by assuming the rates of change of processes in the past were the same as we observe today-called the principle of uniformitarianism. If the age calculated from such assumptions disagrees with what they think the age should be, they conclude that their assumptions did not apply in this case, and adjust them accordingly. If the calculated result gives an acceptable age, the investigators publish it.

Examples of young ages listed here are also obtained by applying the same principle of uniformitarianism. Long-age proponents will dismiss this sort of evidence for a young age of the earth by arguing that the assumptions about the past do not apply in these cases. In other words, age is not really a matter of scientific observation but an argument about our assumptions about the unobserved past.

The assumptions behind the evidences presented here cannot be proved, but the fact that such a wide range of different phenomena all suggest much younger ages than are currently generally accepted, provides a strong case for questioning those accepted ages (about 14 billion years for the universe and 4.5 billion years for the solar system).

Also, a number of the evidences, rather than giving any estimate of age, challenge the assumption of slow-and-gradual uniformitarianism, upon which all deep-time dating methods depend.

Many of these indicators for younger ages were discovered when creationist scientists started researching things that were supposed to “prove” long ages. The lesson here is clear: when the evolutionists throw up some new challenge to the Bible’s timeline, don’t fret over it. Sooner or later that supposed evidence will be turned on its head and will even be added to this list of evidences for a younger age of the earth. On the other hand, some of the evidences listed here might turn out to be ill-founded with further research and will need to be modified. Such is the nature of science, especially historical science, because we cannot do experiments on past events (see “It’s not science”).

Science is based on observation, and the only reliable means of telling the age of anything is by the testimony of a reliable witness who observed the events. The Bible claims to be the communication of the only One who witnessed the events of Creation: the Creator himself. As such, the Bible is the only reliable means of knowing the age of the earth and the cosmos. See The Universe’s Birth Certificate and Biblical chronogenealogies (technical).

In the end the Bible will stand vindicated and those who deny its testimony will be confounded. That same Bible also tells us of God’s judgment on those who reject his right to rule over them. But it also tells us of his willingness to forgive us for our rebellious behaviour. The coming of Jesus Christ, who was intimately involved in the creation process at the beginning (John 1:1-3), into the world, has made this possible (see Good news).

Biological evidence for a young age of the earth

The finding of pliable blood vessels, blood cells and proteins in dinosaur bone is consistent with an age of thousands of years for the fossils, not the 65+ million years claimed by the paleontologists.

1. DNA in “ancient” fossils. DNA extracted from bacteria that are supposed to be 425 million years old brings into question that age, because DNA could not last more than thousands of years.

2. Lazarus bacteria-bacteria revived from salt inclusions supposedly 250 million years old, suggest the salt is not millions of years old.

3. The decay in the human genome due to multiple slightly deleterious mutations each generation is consistent with an origin several thousand years ago. Sanford, J., Genetic entropy and the mystery of the genome, Ivan Press, 2005; see review of the book and the interview with the author in Creation 30(4):45-47,September 2008. This has been confirmed by realistic modelling of population genetics, which shows that genomes are young, in the order of thousands of years. See Sanford, J., Baumgardner, J., Brewer, W., Gibson, P. and Remine, W., Mendel’s Accountant: A biologically realistic forward-time population genetics program, SCPE 8(2):147-165, 2007.

4. The data for “mitochondrial Eve” are consistent with a common origin of all humans several thousand years ago.

5. Very limited variation in the DNA sequence on the human Y-chromosome around the world is consistent with a recent origin of mankind, thousands not millions of years.

6. Many fossil bones “dated” at many millions of years old are hardly mineralized, if at all. This contradicts the widely believed old age of the earth. See, for example, Dinosaur bones just how old are they really?

7. Dinosaur blood cells, blood vessels, proteins (hemoglobin, osteocalcin, collagen) are not consistent with their supposed age, but make more sense if the remains are young.

8. Lack of 50:50 racemization of amino acids in fossils “dated” at millions of years old, whereas complete racemization would occur in thousands of years.

9. Living fossils-jellyfish, graptolites, coelacanth, stromatolites, Wollemi pine and hundreds more. That many hundreds of species could remain so unchanged, for even up to billions of years in the case of stromatolites, speaks against the millions and billions of years being real.

10. Discontinuous fossil sequences. E.g. Coelacanth, Wollemi pine and various “index” fossils, which are present in supposedly ancient strata, missing in strata representing many millions of years since, but still living today. Such discontinuities speak against the interpretation of the rock formations as vast geological ages-how could Coelacanths have avoided being fossilized for 65 million years, for example? See The “Lazarus effect”: rodent “resurrection”!

11. The ages of the world’s oldest living organisms, trees, are consistent with an age of the earth of thousands of years.

Geological evidence for a young age of the earth

Radical folding at Eastern Beach, near Auckland in New Zealand, indicates that the sediments were soft and pliable when folded, inconsistent with a long time for their formation. Such folding can be seen world-wide and is consistent with a young age of the earth.

12. Lack of plant fossils in many formations containing abundant animal/herbivore fossils. E.g., the Morrison Formation (Jurassic) in Montana. See Origins 21(1):51-56, 1994. Also the Coconino sandstone in the Grand Canyon has many track-ways (animals), but is almost devoid of plants. Implication: these rocks are not ecosystems of an “era” buried in situ over eons of time as evolutionists claim. The evidence is more consistent with catastrophic transport then burial during the massive global Flood of Noah’s day. This eliminates supposed evidence for millions of years.

13. Thick, tightly bent strata without sign of melting or fracturing. E.g. the Kaibab upwarp in Grand Canyon indicates rapid folding before the sediments had time to solidify (the sand grains were not elongated under stress as would be expected if the rock had hardened). This wipes out hundreds of millions of years of time and is consistent with extremely rapid formation during the biblical Flood. See Warped earth.

14. Polystrate fossils-tree trunks in coal (Auracaria spp. king billy pines, celery top pines, in southern hemisphere coal). There are also polystrate tree trunks in the Yellowstone fossilized forests and Joggins, Nova Scotia and in many other places. Polystrate fossilized lycopod trunks occur in northern hemisphere coal, again indicating rapid burial / formation of the organic material that became coal.

15. Experiments show that with conditions mimicking natural forces, coal forms quickly; in weeks for brown coal to months for black coal. It does not need millions of years. Furthermore, long time periods could be an impediment to coal formation because of the increased likelihood of the permineralization of the wood, which would hinder coalification.

16. Experiments show that with conditions mimicking natural forces, oil forms quickly; it does not need millions of years, consistent with an age of thousands of years.

17. Experiments show that with conditions mimicking natural forces, opals form quickly, in a matter of weeks, not millions of years, as had been claimed.

18. Evidence for rapid, catastrophic formation of coal beds speaks against the hundreds of millions of years normally claimed for this, including Z-shaped seams that point to a single depositional event producing these layers.

19. Evidence for rapid petrifaction of wood speaks against the need for long periods of time and is consistent with an age of thousands of years.

20. Clastic dykes and pipes (intrusion of sediment through overlying sedimentary rock) show that the overlying rock strata were still soft when it happened. This drastically compresses the time scale for the deposition of the penetrated rock strata. See, Walker, T., Fluidisation pipes: Evidence of large-scale watery catastrophe, Journal of Creation (TJ) 14(3):8-9, 2000.

21. Para(pseudo)conformities-where one rock stratum sits on top of another rock stratum but with supposedly millions of years of geological time missing, yet the contact plane lacks any significant erosion; that is, it is a “flat gap”. E.g. Coconino sandstone / Hermit shale in the Grand Canyon (supposedly a 10 million year gap in time). The thick Schnebly Hill Formation (sandstone) lies between the Coconino and Hermit in central Arizona. See Austin, S.A., Grand Canyon, monument to catastrophe, ICR, Santee, CA, USA, 1994 and Snelling, A., The case of the “missing” geologic time, Creation 14(3):31-35, 1992.

22. The presence of ephemeral markings (raindrop marks, ripple marks, animal tracks) at the boundaries of paraconformities show that the upper rock layer has been deposited immediately after the lower one, eliminating many millions of “gap” time. See references in Para(pseudo)conformities.

23. Inter-tonguing of adjacent strata that are supposedly separated by millions of years also eliminates many millions of years of supposed geologic time. The case of the “missing” geologic time; Mississippian and Cambrian strata interbedding: 200 million years hiatus in question, CRSQ 23(4):160-167.

24. The lack of bioturbation (worm holes, root growth) at paraconformities (flat gaps) reinforces the lack of time involved where evolutionary geologists insert many millions of years to force the rocks to conform with the “given” timescale of billions of years.

25. The almost complete lack of clearly recognizable soil layers anywhere in the geologic column. Geologists do claim to have found lots of “fossil” soils (paleosols), but these are quite different to soils today, lacking the features that characterize soil horizons; features that are used in classifying different soils. Every one that has been investigated thoroughly proves to lack the characteristics of proper soil. If “deep time” were correct, with hundreds of millions of years of abundant life on the earth, there should have been ample opportunities many times over for soil formation. See Klevberg, P. and Bandy, R., CRSQ 39:252-68; CRSQ 40:99-116, 2003; Walker, T., Paleosols: digging deeper buries “challenge” to Flood geology, Journal of Creation 17(3):28-34, 2003.

26. Limited extent of unconformities (unconformity: a surface of erosion that separates younger strata from older rocks). Surfaces erode quickly (e.g. Badlands, South Dakota), but there are very limited unconformities. There is the “great unconformity” at the base of the Grand Canyon, but otherwise there are supposedly ~300 million years of strata deposited on top without any significant unconformity. This is again consistent with a much shorter time of deposition of these strata. See Para(pseudo)conformities.

27. The amount of salt in the world’s oldest lake contradicts its supposed age and suggests an age more consistent with its formation after Noah’s Flood, which is consistent with a young age of the earth.

28. The discovery that underwater landslides (“turbidity currents”) travelling at some 50 km/h can create huge areas of sediment in a matter of hours (Press, F., and Siever, R., Earth, 4th ed., Freeman & Co., NY, USA, 1986). Sediments thought to have formed slowly over eons of time are now becoming recognized as having formed extremely rapidly. See for example, A classic tillite reclassified as a submarine debris flow (Technical).

29. Flume tank research with sediment of different particle sizes show that layered rock strata that were thought to have formed over huge periods of time in lake beds actually formed very quickly. Even the precise layer thicknesses of rocks were duplicated after they were ground into their sedimentary particles and run through the flume. See Experiments in stratification of heterogeneous sand mixtures, Sedimentation Experiments: Nature finally catches up! and Sandy Stripes Do many layers mean many years?

30. Observed examples of rapid canyon formation; for example, Providence Canyon in southwest Georgia, Burlingame Canyon near Walla Walla, Washington, and Lower Loowit Canyon near Mount St Helens. The rapidity of the formation of these canyons, which look similar to other canyons that supposedly took many millions of years to form, brings into question the supposed age of the canyons that no one saw form.

31. Observed examples of rapid island formation and maturation, such as Surtsey, which confound the notion that such islands take long periods of time to form. See also, Tuluman-A Test of Time.

32. Rate of erosion of coastlines, horizontally. E.g. Beachy Head, UK, loses a metre of coast to the sea every six years.

33. Rate of erosion of continents vertically is not consistent with the assumed old age of the earth. See Creation 22(2):18-21.

34. Existence of significant flat plateaux that are “dated” at many millions of years old (“elevated paleoplains”). An example is Kangaroo Island (Australia). C.R. Twidale, a famous Australian physical geographer wrote: “the survival of these paleoforms is in some degree an embarrassment to all the commonly accepted models of landscape development.” Twidale, C.R. On the survival of paleoforms, American Journal of Science 5(276):77-95, 1976 (quote on p. 81). See Austin, S.A., Did landscapes evolve? Impact 118, April 1983.

35. The recent and almost simultaneous origin of all the high mountain ranges around the world-including the Himalayas, the Alps, the Andes, and the Rockies-which have undergone most of the uplift to their present elevations beginning “five million” years ago, whereas mountain building processes have supposedly been around for up to billions of years. See Baumgardner, J., Recent uplift of today’s mountains. Impact 381, March 2005.

36. Water gaps. These are gorges cut through mountain ranges where rivers run. They occur worldwide and are part of what evolutionary geologists call “discordant drainage systems”. They are “discordant” because they don’t fit the deep time belief system. The evidence fits them forming rapidly in a much younger age framework where the gorges were cut in the recessive stage / dispersive phase of the global Flood of Noah’s day. See Oard, M., Do rivers erode through mountains? Water gaps are strong evidence for the Genesis Flood, Creation 29(3):18-23, 2007.

37. Erosion at Niagara Falls and other such places is consistent with just a few thousand years since the biblical Flood.

38. River delta growth rate is consistent with thousands of years since the biblical Flood, not vast periods of time. The argument goes back to Mark Twain. E.g. 1. Mississippi-Creation Research Quarterly (CRSQ) 9:96-114, 1992; CRSQ 14:77; CRSQ 25:121-123. E.g. 2 Tigris-Euphrates: CRSQ 14:87, 1977.

39. Underfit streams. River valleys are too large for the streams they contain. Dury speaks of the “continent-wide distribution of underfit streams”. Using channel meander characteristics, Dury concluded that past streams frequently had 20-60 times their current discharge. This means that the river valleys would have been carved very quickly, not slowly over eons of time. See Austin, S.A., Did landscapes evolve? Impact 118, 1983.

40. Amount of salt in the sea. Even ignoring the effect of the biblical Flood and assuming zero starting salinity and all rates of input and removal so as to maximize the time taken to accumulate all the salt, the maximum age of the oceans, 62 million years, is less than 1/50 of the age evolutionists claim for the oceans. This suggests that the age of the earth is radically less also.

41. The amount of sediment on the sea floors at current rates of land erosion would accumulate in just 12 million years; a blink of the eye compared to the supposed age of much of the ocean floor of up to 3 billion years. Furthermore, long-age geologists reckon that higher erosion rates applied in the past, which shortens the time frame. From a biblical point of view, at the end of Noah’s Flood lots of sediment would have been added to the sea with the water coming off the unconsolidated land, making the amount of sediment perfectly consistent with a history of thousands of years.

42. Iron-manganese nodules (IMN) on the sea floors. The measured rates of growth of these nodules indicates an age of only thousands of years. Lalomov, A.V., 2007. Mineral deposits as an example of geological rates. CRSQ 44(1):64-66.

43. The age of placer deposits (concentrations of heavy metals such as tin in modern sediments and consolidated sedimentary rocks). The measured rates of deposition indicate an age of thousands of years, not the assumed millions. See Lalomov, A.V., and Tabolitch, S.E., 2000. Age determination of coastal submarine placer, Val’cumey, northern Siberia. Journal of Creation (TJ) 14(3):83-90.

44. Pressure in oil/gas wells indicate the recent origin of the oil and gas. If they were many millions of years old we would expect the pressures to equilibrate, even in low permeability rocks. “Experts in petroleum prospecting note the impossibility of creating an effective model given long and slow oil generation over millions of years (Petukhov, 2004). In their opinion, if models demand the standard multimillion-years geochronological scale, the best exploration strategy is to drill wells on a random grid.” Lalomov, A.V., 2007. Mineral deposits as an example of geological rates. CRSQ 44(1):64-66.

45. Direct evidence that oil is forming today in the Guaymas Basin and in Bass Strait is consistent with a young earth (although not necessary for a young earth).

46. Rapid reversals in paleomagnetism undermine use of paleomagnetism in long ages dating of rocks and speak of rapid processes, compressing the long-age time scale enormously.

47. The pattern of magnetization in the magnetic stripes where magma is welling up at the mid-ocean trenches argues against the belief that reversals take many thousands of years and rather indicates rapid sea-floor spreading as well as rapid magnetic reversals, consistent with a young earth (Humphreys, D.R., Has the Earth’s magnetic field ever flipped? Creation Research Quarterly 25(3):130-137, 1988).

48. Measured rates of stalactite and stalagmite growth in limestone caves are consistent with a young age of several thousand years. See also articles on limestone cave formation.

49. The decay of the earth’s magnetic field. Exponential decay is evident from measurements and is consistent with theory of free decay since creation, suggesting an age of the earth of less than 20,000 years.

50. Excess heat flow from the earth is consistent with a young age rather than billions of years, even taking into account heat from radioactive decay. SeeWoodmorappe, J., 1999. Lord Kelvin revisited on the young age of the earth. Journal of Creation (TJ) 13(1):14, 1999.

Radiometric dating

51. Carbon-14 in coal suggests ages of thousands of years and clearly contradict ages of millions of years.

52. Carbon-14 in oil again suggests ages of thousands, not millions, of years.

53. Carbon-14 in fossil wood also indicates ages of thousands, not millions, of years.

54. Carbon-14 in diamonds suggests ages of thousands, not billions, of years.

55. Incongruent radioisotope dates using the same technique argue against trusting the dating methods that give millions of years.

56. Incongruent radioisotope dates using different techniques argue against trusting the dating methods that give millions of years (or billions of years for the age of the earth).

57. Demonstrably non-radiogenic “isochrons” of radioactive and non-radioactive elements undermine the assumptions behind isochron “dating” that gives billions of years. “False” isochrons are common.

58. Different faces of the same zircon crystal and different zircons from the same rock giving different “ages” undermine all “dates” obtained from zircons.

59. Evidence of a period of rapid radioactive decay in the recent past (lead and helium concentrations and diffusion rates in zircons) point to a young earth explanation.

60. The amount of helium, a product of alpha-decay of radioactive elements, retained in zircons in granite is consistent with an age of 6,000±2000 years, not the supposed billions of years. See: Humphreys, D.R., Young helium diffusion age of zircons supports accelerated nuclear decay, in Vardiman, Snelling, and Chaffin (eds.), Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth: Results of a Young Earth Creationist Research Initiative, Institute for Creation Research and Creation Research Society, 848 pp., 2005

61. Lead in zircons from deep drill cores vs. shallow ones. They are similar, but there should be less in the deep ones due to the higher heat causing higher diffusion rates over the usual long ages supposed. If the ages are thousands of years, there would not be expected to be much difference, which is the case (Gentry, R., et al., Differential lead retention in zircons: Implications for nuclear waste containment, Science 216(4543):296-298, 1982; DOI: 10.1126/science.216.4543.296).

62. Pleochroic halos produced in granite by concentrated specks of short half-life elements such as polonium suggest a period of rapid nuclear decay of the long half-life parent isotopes during the formation of the rocks and rapid formation of the rocks, both of which speak against the usual ideas of geological deep time and a vast age of the earth. See, Radiohalos: Startling evidence of catastrophic geologic processes, Creation 28(2):46-50, 2006.

63. Squashed pleochroic halos (radiohalos) formed from decay of polonium, a very short half-life element, in coalified wood from several geological eras suggest rapid formation of all the layers about the same time, in the same process, consistent with the biblical “young” earth model rather than the millions of years claimed for these events.

64. Australia’s “Burning Mountain” speaks against radiometric dating and the millions of years belief system (according to radiometric dating of the lava intrusion that set the coal alight, the coal in the burning mountain has been burning for ~40 million years, but clearly this is not feasible).

Astronomical Evidence

65. Evidence of recent volcanic activity on Earth’s moon is inconsistent with its supposed vast age because it should have long since cooled if it were billions of years old. See: Transient lunar phenomena: a permanent problem for evolutionary models of Moon formation and Walker, T., and Catchpoole, D., Lunar volcanoes rock long-age timeframe, Creation 31(3):18, 2009.

66. Recession of the moon from the earth. Tidal friction causes the moon to recede from the earth at 4 cm per year. It would have been greater in the past when the moon and earth were closer together. The moon and earth would have been in catastrophic proximity (Roche limit) at less than a quarter of their supposed age.

67. Slowing down of the earth. Tidal dissipation rate of Earth’s angular momentum: increasing length of day, currently by 0.002 seconds/day every century (thus an impossibly short day billions of years ago and a very slow day shortly after accretion and before the postulated giant impact to form the Moon). See: How long has the moon been receding?

68. Ghost craters on the moon’s maria (singular mare: dark “seas” formed from massive lava flows) are a problem for long ages. Evolutionists believe that the lava flows were caused by enormous impacts, and this lava partly buried other, smaller, impact craters, leaving “ghosts”. But this means that the smaller impacts can’t have been too long after the huge one, otherwise the lava would have hardened before the impact. This suggests a very narrow time frame for lunar cratering, and by implication the other cratered bodies of our solar system. They suggest that the cratering occurred quite quickly. See Fryman, H., Ghost craters in the sky, Creation Matters 4(1):6, 1999; A biblically based cratering theory (Faulkner); Lunar volcanoes rock long-age timeframe.

69. The presence of a significant magnetic field around Mercury is not consistent with its supposed age of billions of years. A planet so small should have cooled down enough so any liquid core would solidify, preventing the evolutionists’ “dynamo” mechanism. See also, Humphreys, D.R., Mercury’s magnetic field is young! Journal of Creation 22(3):8-9, 2008.

70. The outer planets Uranus and Neptune have magnetic fields, but they should be long “dead” if they are as old as claimed according to evolutionary long-age beliefs. Assuming a solar system age of thousands of years, physicist Russell Humphreys successfully predicted the strengths of the magnetic fields of Uranus and Neptune.

71. Jupiter’s larger moons, Ganymede, Io, and Europa, have magnetic fields, which they should not have if they were billions of years old, because they have solid cores and so no dynamo could generate the magnetic fields. This is consistent with creationist Humphreys’ predictions. See also, Spencer, W., Ganymede: the surprisingly magnetic moon, Journal of Creation 23(1):8-9, 2009.

72. Volcanically active moons of Jupiter (Io) are consistent with youthfulness (Galileo mission recorded 80 active volcanoes). If Io had been erupting over 4.5 billion years at even 10% of its current rate, it would have erupted its entire mass 40 times. Io looks like a young moon and does not fit with the supposed billions of year’s age for the solar system. Gravitational tugging from Jupiter and other moons accounts for only some of the excess heat produced.

73. The surface of Jupiter’s moon Europa. Studies of the few craters indicated that up to 95% of small craters, and many medium-sized ones, are formed from debris thrown up by larger impacts. This means that there have been far fewer impacts than had been thought in the solar system and the age of other objects in the solar system, derived from cratering levels, have to be reduced drastically (see Psarris, Spike, What you aren’t being told about astronomy, volume 1: Our created solar system DVD, available from CMI).

74. Methane on Titan (Saturn’s largest moon)-methane would all be gone because of UV-induced breakdown to ethane in just 10,000 years. And large quantities of ethane are not there either.

75. The rate of change / disappearance of Saturn’s rings is inconsistent with their supposed vast age; they speak of youthfulness.

76. Enceladus, a moon of Saturn, looks young. Astronomers working in the “billions of years” mindset thought that this moon would be cold and dead, but it is a very active moon, spewing massive jets of water vapour and icy particles into space at supersonic speeds, consistent with a much younger age. Calculations show that the interior would have frozen solid after 30 million years (less than 1% of its supposed age); tidal friction from Saturn does not explain its youthful activity (Psarris, Spike, What you aren’t being told about astronomy, volume 1: Our created solar system DVD; Walker, T., 2009. Enceladus: Saturn’s sprightly moon looks young, Creation 31(3):54-55).

77. Miranda, a small moon of Uranus, should have been long since dead, if billions of years old, but its extreme surface features suggest otherwise. See Revelations in the solar system.

78. Neptune should be long since “cold”, lacking strong wind movement if it were billions of years old, yet Voyager II in 1989 found it to be otherwise-it has the fastest winds in the entire solar system. This observation is consistent with a young age, not billions of years. See Neptune: monument to creation.

79. Neptune’s rings have thick regions and thin regions. This unevenness means they cannot be billions of years old, since collisions of the ring objects would eventually make the ring very uniform. Revelations in the solar system.

80. Young surface age of Neptune’s moon, Triton-less than 10 million years, even with evolutionary assumptions on rates of impacts (see Schenk, P.M., and Zahnle, K. On the Negligible Surface Age of Triton, Icarus 192(1):135-149, 2007. .

81. Uranus and Neptune both have magnetic fields significantly off-axis, which is an unstable situation. When this was discovered with Uranus, it was assumed by evolutionary astronomers that Uranus must have just happened to be going through a magnetic field reversal. However, when a similar thing was found with Neptune, this AD hoc explanation was upset. These observations are consistent with ages of thousands of years rather than billions.

82. The orbit of Pluto is chaotic on a 20 million year time scale and affects the rest of the solar system, which would also become unstable on that time scale, suggesting that it must be much younger. (See: Rothman, T., God takes a nap, Scientific American 259(4):20, 1988).

83. The existence of short-period comets (orbital period less than 200 years), e.g. Halley, which have a life of less than 20,000 years, is consistent with an age of the solar system of less than 10,000 years. AD hoc hypotheses have to be invented to circumvent this evidence (see Kuiper Belt). See Comets and the age of the solar system.

84. “Near-infrared spectra of the Kuiper Belt Object, Quaoar and the suspected Kuiper Belt Object, Charon, indicate both contain crystalline water ice and ammonia hydrate. This watery material cannot be much older than 10 million years, which is consistent with a young solar system, not one that is 5 billion years old.” See: The “waters above”.

85. Lifetime of long-period comets (orbital period greater than 200 years) that are sun-grazing comets or others like Hyakutake or Hale-Bopp means they could not have originated with the solar system 4.5 billion years ago. However, their existence is consistent with a young age for the solar system. Again an AD hoc Oort Cloud was invented to try to account for these comets still being present after billions of years. See, Comets and the age of the solar system.

86. The maximum expected lifetime of near-earth asteroids is of the order of one million years, after which they collide with the sun. And the Yarkovsky effect moves main belt asteroids into near-earth orbits faster than had been thought. This brings into question the origin of asteroids with the formation of the solar system (the usual scenario), or the solar system is much younger than the 4.5 billion years claimed. Henry, J., The asteroid belt: indications of its youth, Creation Matters 11(2):2, 2006.

87. The lifetime of binary asteroids-where a tiny asteroid “moon” orbits a larger asteroid- in the main belt (they represent about 15-17% of the total): tidal effects limit the life of such binary systems to about 100,000 years. The difficulties in conceiving of any scenario for getting binaries to form in such numbers to keep up the population, led some astronomers to doubt their existence, but space probes confirmed it (Henry, J., The asteroid belt: indications of its youth, Creation Matters 11(2):2, 2006).

88. The observed rapid rate of change in stars contradicts the vast ages assigned to stellar evolution. For example, Sakurai’s Object in Sagittarius: in 1994, this star was most likely a white dwarf in the centre of a planetary nebula; by 1997 it had grown to a bright yellow giant, about 80 times wider than the sun (Astronomy & Astrophysics 321:L17, 1997). In 1998, it had expanded even further, to a red supergiant 150 times wider than the sun. But then it shrank just as quickly; by 2002 the star itself was invisible even to the most powerful optical telescopes, although it is detectable in the infrared, which shines through the dust (Muir, H., 2003, Back from the dead, New Scientist 177(2384):28-31).

89. The faint young sun paradox. According to stellar evolution theory, as the sun’s core transforms from hydrogen to helium by means of nuclear fusion, the mean molecular weight increases, which would compress the sun’s core increasing fusion rate. The upshot is that over several billion years, the sun ought to have brightened 40% since its formation and 25% since the appearance of life on earth. For the latter, this translates into a 16-18 ºC temperature increase on the earth. The current average temperature is 15 ºC, so the earth ought to have had a-2 ºC or so temperature when life appeared. See: Faulkner, D., The young faint Sun paradox and the age of the solar system, Journal of Creation (TJ) 15(2):3-4, 2001.

90. Cometesimals. From his studies, astronomer Louis Frank says that 100 million tonnes of water is being added to Earth every year in cometesimals (small comet remnants). This has strong implications for the supposed age of the oceans, if confirmed. See: Bergman, J., Advances in integrating cosmology: The case of cometesimals, Journal of Creation (CENTJ) 10(2):202-210, 1996.

91. The giant gas planets Jupiter and Saturn radiate more energy than they receive from the sun, suggesting a recent origin. Jupiter radiates almost twice as much energy as it receives from the sun, indicating that it may be less than 1 % of the presumed 4.5 billion years old solar system. Saturn radiates nearly twice as much energy per unit mass as Jupiter. See The age of the Jovian planets.

92. Speedy stars are consistent with a young age for the universe. For example, many stars in the dwarf galaxies in the Local Group are moving away from each other at speeds estimated at to 10-12 km/s. At these speeds, the stars should have dispersed in 100 Ma, which, compared with the supposed 14,000 Ma age of the universe, is a short time. See Fast stars challenge big bang origin for dwarf galaxies.

93. The ageing of spiral galaxies (much less than 200 million years) is not consistent with their supposed age of many billions of years. The discovery of extremely “young” spiral galaxies highlights the problem of this evidence for the evolutionary ages assumed.

94. The number of type I supernova remnants (SNRs) observable in our galaxy is consistent with an age of thousands of years, not millions or billions. See Davies, K., Proc. 3rd ICC, pp. 175-184, 1994.

95. The rate of expansion and size of supernovas indicates that all studied are young (less than 10,000 years). See supernova remnants.

Human history is consistent with a young age of the earth

96. Human population growth. Less than 0.5% p.a. growth from six people 4,500 years ago would produce today’s population. Where are all the people? if we have been here much longer?

97. “Stone age” human skeletons and artefacts. There are not enough for 100,000 years of a human population of just one million, let alone more people (10 million?). See Where are all the people?

98. Length of recorded history. Origin of various civilizations, writing, etc., all about the same time several thousand years ago. See Evidence for a young world.

99. Languages. Similarities in languages claimed to be separated by many tens of thousands of years speaks against the supposed ages (e.g. compare some aboriginal languages in Australia with languages in south-eastern India and Sri Lanka). See The Tower of Babel account affirmed by linguistics.

100. Common cultural “myths” speak of recent separation of peoples around the world. An example of this is the frequency of stories of an earth-destroying flood.

101. Origin of agriculture. Secular dating puts it at about 10,000 years and yet that same chronology says that modern man has supposedly been around for at least 200,000 years. Surely someone would have worked out much sooner how to sow seeds of plants to produce food. See: Evidence for a young world.

Neuropathy

Millions of people are living with some form of neuropathy. The term neuropathy means a condition in a nerve or group of nerves that causes pain and dysfunction. There are many different causes of neuropathy and a broad range of symptoms.

Unfortunately, there is no single good treatment for most of the neuropathies, and many neuropathies have no known cause. A number of prescription drugs are used, but all have side effects, and none can actually correct the underlying nerve defect that causes the pain. Nutrient therapy offers a promising alternative for people who want to avoid the side effects of prescription drugs.

Neuropathies can originate either within the central nervous system (these are called central neuropathies, such as Guillain-Barre syndrome), or in the peripheral nerves, which lie outside the central nervous system. These are called peripheral neuropathies and account for the majority of cases. They can have many causes, such as toxins, including alcohol, and metabolic diseases. Diabetes is the cause of the most common peripheral neuropathies.

Why Neuropathy Hurts

In all forms of neuropathy, there is abnormal stimulation of nerves or damage that results in pain. Peripheral nerves are sensitive conduits that carry impulses from the extremities back to the central nervous system (i.e., the spinal cord and brain). Impulses are transmitted along nerves by changes in the electrical charge of the cell membrane caused by movement of ions such as sodium, potassium, and calcium. Impulses are transmitted between nerves by neurotransmitters such as acetylcholine and substance P, which is responsible for transmitting pain impulses. For protection, most nerves are covered with a thin sheath called myelin, which is made from choline and lipids. The myelin functions like the rubber wrapping around an electrical cord: it insulates the nerve fibers and prevents abnormal transmissions.

Depending on the nature of the specific neuropathy, some part of this system breaks down. In diabetic neuropathy, for example, there is a change in the microvascular network that supplies the nerve with nutrients. This lack of blood supply and nutrients causes the nerve to function abnormally. Diabetic neuropathy tends to occur in more than one nerve area (this condition is called polyneuropathy) and may cause loss of sensation and pain that typically worsens at night. In severe cases, diabetics can suffer from a kind of neuropathy called autonomic neuropathy. In this case, the autonomic nervous system, which controls automatic body functions, is affected with possibly serious consequences, including gastrointestinal problems, bladder-emptying problems, abnormal heart rhythms, and even sudden death (El-Atat FA et al 2004).

Neuropathies can also be caused by specific nutritional deficiencies, such as vitamin B12 deficiency, and infectious diseases such as syphilis.

Pain associated with neuropathy can be very intense and may be described as cutting, stabbing, crushing, burning, shooting, gnawing, or grinding. In some cases, a minimal stimulus such as a light touch can trigger severe pain, or pain may be felt even in the absence of any stimulus. If a problem with the motor nerve has continued over a length of time, muscle shrinkage (atrophy), or lack of muscle tone, may be noticeable.

Options for Treating Neuropathies

Unfortunately, treatment options for most neuropathies are less than ideal. The following are some of the common strategies:

For diabetic neuropathy, blood glucose control is essential because glucose causes high levels of oxidative stress throughout the body. In animals, antioxidant therapy, with glutathione and other antioxidants, has been shown to help prevent neuropathy (Osawa T et al 2005).
Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause peripheral neuropathies, optic neuropathies, and pernicious anemia. This condition is typically treated with vitamin B12 shots. Additionally, folic acid deficiency has been linked to various neuropathies and is usually treated with supplementation (Sadun AA 2002).
For neuropathies that are caused by an autoimmune disorder, such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, or Guillain-Barre, treatment is generally aimed at the underlying inflammatory condition.
For neuropathies caused by nerve pressure, treatment focuses on relieving the source of the pressure. This strategy may include ergonomic changes to alter any repetitive motions or positions (such as at a keyboard) that caused the neuropathy, or even surgery to relieve internal pressure. Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common cause of neuropathies in the wrist and hand.
For neuropathy caused by exposure to toxic metals such as lead or mercury, or to medications, treatment focuses on reducing exposure to the offending substance and reducing blood levels of any toxins. Antioxidants are also frequently used to reduce oxidative stress.
A number of medications may also be prescribed or recommended to help deal with the pain. The most common ones are pain relievers, including over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Because of the risk of serious liver and kidney toxicity, Life Extension does not recommend the long-term use of acetaminophen for treatment of neuropathies. Aspirin is also frequently suggested for mild neuropathy.

For more serious neuropathies, drugs such as gabapentin (Neurontin®), carbamazepine (Tegretol®), and phenytoin (Dilantin®) may be prescribed. These drugs were originally developed to treat epilepsy, but they also work to reduce the pain associated with neuropathy. Their main side effect is dizziness. In one study, the combination of gabapentin and B vitamins was shown to effectively and significantly reduce pain and improve quality of life (Medina-Santillan R et al 2004).

Pentoxifylline (PTX) is a prescription drug approved by the US Food and Drug Administration to treat peripheral vascular disease. PTX is prescribed to improve the flow properties of blood by decreasing its viscosity. Aging causes a progressive decline of blood delivery to the tissues. Those who have diabetes experience accelerated circulatory deficit. In a study on diabetic rats, just two weeks of PTX administration resulted in a correction of nerve conduction deficit, amounting to 56.5 percent in the sciatic motor nerve and 69.8 percent in saphenous sensory nerve. PTX restored the microvascular deficit by 50.4 percent (Flint H et al 2000). This study indicates that PTX may be of particular benefit to diabetics, especially those suffering from neuropathy, kidney disease, and other vascular disorders.

Research also suggests that Cytomel®, a drug used to treat hypothyroidism, is also effective at regenerating damaged peripheral nerves. In animal studies, administration of triiodothyronine, or Cytomel®, can regenerate nerve axons after surgical transection of the sciatic nerve, although the mechanism of action remains unclear (Voria I et al 2006). Researchers believe that triiodothyronine administration may have therapeutic potential in cases of peripheral neuropathy by enhancing nerve regeneration (Schenker M et al 2003).

Finally, antidepressants are sometimes used. These drugs may have side effects that discourage people from continuing their medication, although the side effects tend to be less severe than those of anticonvulsants. Side effects of antidepressants include dry mouth, nausea, tiredness, constipation, and weight gain.

In the most severe cases, opiates such as oxycodone (OxyContin®) may be prescribed. Because of opiates’ reputation for dependency, many physicians hesitate to prescribe opiates for pain, even when they are an appropriate therapy. If your physician prescribes opiates, please carefully follow the dosing instructions.

Unfortunately, none of these medications can actually fix the underlying nerve damage. They can only reduce the pain associated with neuropathies.

Nutritional Options for Neuropathy

If the cause of the neuropathy is known and treatable, then managing the underlying condition is the best option. In many neuropathies, however, no specific cause will ever be identified. In addition, many of the causes of neuropathies are themselves not readily treatable. A number of supplements have been shown to interfere with the underlying mechanisms of a variety of forms of neuropathy.

Acetyl-L-carnitine. Acetyl-L-carnitine is known to have neuroprotective properties. Two recent studies have found that acetyl-L-carnitine can limit the neuropathy associated with some chemotherapy drugs (Ghirardi O et al 2005; Maestri A et al 2005).

It has also been shown to limit the neuropathy associated with diabetes. In two randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials, acetyl-L-carnitine, in daily doses of 500 mg and 1000 mg, was shown to yield significant reductions in pain (Sima AA et al 2005).

In two related studies of diabetic nerve degeneration and neuropathy, acetyl-L-carnitine accelerated nerve regeneration after experimental injury. In the first study, diabetic animals treated with acetyl-L-carnitine maintained near normal nerve conduction velocity without any adverse effects on glucose, insulin, or free fatty acid levels, suggesting that acetyl-L-carnitine can hasten nerve regeneration in the context of diabetes (Soneru IL et al 1997). In another study, carnitine deficiency was shown to correct a number of nerve dysfunctions in animals with chemically induced diabetes (Nakamura J et al 1998).

In a human trial, acetyl-L-carnitine appeared to help prevent or slow cardiac autonomic neuropathy in people with diabetes (Turpeinen AK et al 2000). In a large, multicenter human trial, L-carnitine improved nerve conduction velocity and reduced pain associated with diabetic neuropathy over a one-year period (De Grandis D et al 2002).

Lipoic acid. As a powerful antioxidant, lipoic acid positively affects important aspects of diabetes, including prevention, blood sugar control, and the development of long-term complications such as disease of the heart, kidneys, and small blood vessels (Dincer Y et al 2002; Jacob S et al 1995, 1999; Kawabata T et al 1994; Melhem MF et al 2002; Nagamatsu M et al 1995; Song KH et al 2005a; Suzuki YJ et al 1992). It has also been shown to reduce the pain associated with diabetic neuropathy (Halat KM et al 2003). Studies include:

Clinical trials of people with diabetes who had symptoms caused by nerve damage affecting the heart showed significant improvement taking 800 mg oral alpha-lipoic acid daily without significant side effects (Ziegler D et al 1997a,b).
In another study, 23 diabetic patients were treated with 600 mg alpha-lipoic acid, delivered intravenously daily for 10 days, followed by 600 mg oral alpha-lipoic acid for 60 days. At the end of the study, all participants showed significant improvements in cranial neuropathy, as well as improvements in both peripheral and autonomic neuropathy, which affects internal organs (Tankova T et al 2005).
In another study, 26 patients with type 2 diabetes were given 600 mg alpha-lipoic acid daily for 3 months. At the end of the study, 20 patients experienced a significant regression of neuropathic symptoms, while 5 patients experienced a complete cessation of all symptoms. Alpha-lipoic acid was especially beneficial in women and in thinner and younger patients (Negrisanu G et al 1999).
N-acetylcysteine. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is a powerful antioxidant and a precursor to glutathione, an intrinsic antioxidant. Animal studies have shown that NAC can inhibit diabetic neuropathy and protect against neuropathies caused by chemotherapy drugs (Love A et al 1996; Park SA et al 2000).

Curcumin. Researchers are continually discovering more benefits from curcumin, which is the yellow pigment that gives turmeric its distinctive golden hue. In a study of inherited peripheral neuropathies, curcumin was shown to relieve neuropathy by causing the release of disease-associated proteins that are produced by a mutated gene (Khajavi M et al 2005). Curcumin has also shown promise in animal studies of diabetic neuropathy and as a neuroprotective agent in central nervous system diseases (Osawa T et al 2005).

Omega-6 fatty acids. The body ordinarily makes the gamma linolenic acid (GLA) it needs from linoleic acid, an omega-6 fatty acid found in foods. Among diabetics, however, the body is not able to make sufficient GLA, and it must be supplemented (Cunnane SC et al 1984a,b,c; Horrobin DF 1992a,b; Huang YS et al 1992a,b).

GLA improves diabetic neuropathy if given long enough to work. In one double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 111 people with mild diabetic neuropathy received either 480 mg GLA daily or placebo (Keen H et al 1993). After 12 months, the group taking GLA was doing significantly better than the placebo group. Good results were seen in two smaller studies as well (Cameron NE et al 1998; Jamal GA et al 1990).

Omega-3 fatty acids. The omega-3s are found in high quantities in coldwater fish such as salmon and are widely consumed for their anti-inflammatory powers. Omega-3s are essential fatty acids and are important components of cell membranes, including the delicate myelin sheath that protects nerves. Studies have shown that omega-3 fatty acids, including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are able to reduce demyelination in the nerves of diabetic animals, which reduces neuropathic pain (Gerbi A et al 1999).

Vitamin B1 (thiamin) and benfotiamine. Some animal studies have shown a decrease in pain with a combination of vitamin B1, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12 (Franca DS et al 2001; Jurna I 1998; Wang ZB et al 2005). The fat-soluble form of vitamin B1, called benfotiamine, has been used effectively to treat alcoholic and diabetic neuropathies. The most marked pain relief from benfotiamine occurred in patients with diabetic neuropathy after only a three-week trial period (Anisimova EI et al 2001; Haupt E et al 2005; Winkler G et al 1999).

Vitamin B6. Vitamin B6 inhibits glycosylation of proteins (Solomon LR et al 1989), one the major risk factors for developing diabetic neuropathy. Diabetes patients with neuropathy have been shown to be deficient in vitamin B6 and to benefit from supplementation (Jones CL et al 1978). Interestingly, the neuropathy caused by vitamin B6 deficiency is indistinguishable from diabetic neuropathy.

Vitamin B12. A neuropathy caused by vitamin B12 deficiency is characterized by numbness of the feet, pins-and-needles sensations, or a burning feeling (Davidson S 1954; Sancetta SM et al 1951). Supplementation that restores normal B12 levels is a part of successful treatment of diabetic neuropathy (Bhatt HR et al 1983). In a review of clinical trials conducted between 1954 and 2004, vitamin B12, as well as combination therapy of vitamin B12 and methylcobalamin, was shown to reduce pain (Sun Y et al 2005).

The most common forms of supplemental B12 are cyanocobalamin or hydroxycobalamin. The natural form of B12 found in food is methylcobalamin (or a similar form, adenosylcobalamin). The structure of B12 is very complex, with numerous methyl groups attached. Methyl groups (CH3) are used in beneficial methylation reactions, such as those that reduce homocysteine. Methylcobalamin appears to be the most effective form of vitamin B12 to protect the nerves.

Vitamin C. Insulin facilitates the transport of vitamin C into cells, decreasing capillary permeability and improving wound healing. Diabetes depletes intracellular vitamin C, which deprives a diabetic of vitamin C’s cellular protection (Sinclair AJ et al 1994). Vitamin C levels have been shown to be reduced in diabetic patients (Ziegler D et al 2004).

Capsaicin. Derived from hot peppers, capsaicin has been shown to reduce chronic pain by reducing the stimulation of pain receptors. It is often applied as a cream. Initially, capsaicin may cause a prickly, hot sensation that causes many people to discontinue using it. However, once this first phase passes, capsaicin is effective. It has been documented to reduce the pain associated with diabetic neuropathy without adversely affecting glucose control (Halat KM et al 2003).

Vitamin E. Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant that reduces levels of free radicals and oxidative stress. In a placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized study of 21 patients with type 2 diabetes, large doses of vitamin E were studied for their ability to reduce neuropathy. During the six-month study, patients were either given placebo or 900 mg vitamin E, then measured for nerve conduction and function. The researchers found that mild to moderate defective nerve conduction was improved with high-dose vitamin E, which suggested that patients with neuropathy might experience a reduction in symptoms (Tutuncu NB et al 1998).

These results appear not to be limited to diabetic neuropathy. In a case study of a 24-year-old man with a progressive disease and peripheral neuropathy, daily supplementation with high-dose vitamin E for two years slowed disease progression and produced significant improvement in his neuropathy (Martinello F et al 1998).